nginx利用service进行启动

nginx启动、停止、无间断服务重启

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[root@example ~]# service nginx start
[root@example ~]# service nginx stop
[root@example ~]# service nginx reload

在/etc/init.d/目录下编写脚本,名为nginx

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#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx Startup script for nginx
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# processname: nginx
# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid
# description: nginx is an HTTP and reverse proxy server
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: nginx
# Required-Start: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Required-Stop: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Short-Description: start and stop nginx
### END INIT INFO

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

if [ -L $0 ]; then
initscript=`/bin/readlink -f $0`
else
initscript=$0
fi

sysconfig=`/bin/basename $initscript`

if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/$sysconfig ]; then
. /etc/sysconfig/$sysconfig
fi

nginx=${NGINX-/usr/sbin/nginx}
prog=`/bin/basename $nginx`
conffile=${CONFFILE-/etc/nginx/nginx.conf}
lockfile=${LOCKFILE-/var/lock/subsys/nginx}
pidfile=${PIDFILE-/var/run/nginx.pid}
SLEEPMSEC=${SLEEPMSEC-200000}
UPGRADEWAITLOOPS=${UPGRADEWAITLOOPS-5}
RETVAL=0

start() {
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "

daemon --pidfile=${pidfile} ${nginx} -c ${conffile}
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch ${lockfile}
return $RETVAL
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p ${pidfile} ${prog}
RETVAL=$?
echo
[ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f ${lockfile} ${pidfile}
}

reload() {
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc -p ${pidfile} ${prog} -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}

upgrade() {
oldbinpidfile=${pidfile}.oldbin

configtest -q || return
echo -n $"Starting new master $prog: "
killproc -p ${pidfile} ${prog} -USR2
echo

for i in `/usr/bin/seq $UPGRADEWAITLOOPS`; do
/bin/usleep $SLEEPMSEC
if [ -f ${oldbinpidfile} -a -f ${pidfile} ]; then
echo -n $"Graceful shutdown of old $prog: "
killproc -p ${oldbinpidfile} ${prog} -QUIT
RETVAL=$?
echo
return
fi
done

echo $"Upgrade failed!"
RETVAL=1
}

configtest() {
if [ "$#" -ne 0 ] ; then
case "$1" in
-q)
FLAG=$1
;;
*)
;;
esac
shift
fi
${nginx} -t -c ${conffile} $FLAG
RETVAL=$?
return $RETVAL
}

rh_status() {
status -p ${pidfile} -b ${nginx} ${nginx}
}

# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
start)
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1 && exit 0
start
;;
stop)
stop
;;
status)
rh_status
RETVAL=$?
;;
restart)
configtest -q || exit $RETVAL
stop
start
;;
upgrade)
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1 || exit 0
upgrade
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
if rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1; then
stop
start
fi
;;
force-reload|reload)
reload
;;
configtest)
configtest
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|condrestart|try-restart|force-reload|upgrade|reload|status|help|configtest}"
RETVAL=2
esac

exit $RETVAL
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